Latest research has highlighted the impact type 2 diabetes has on retinal microvascular architecture and cardiometabolic risk factors.
A team of established academics analysed how retinal vessel morphometry influences someone’s blood pressure, body composition and glucose levels to assess whether diabetes status affects these associations.
As part of the experiment, more than 60,000 adults endured non-mydriatic retinal photography and had blood pressure and body composition tests. In addition, each participant underwent a haematological analysis.
The researchers used multilevel linear regression to analyse whether diabetes status impacted the associations between retinal vessel morphology and cardiometabolic risk factors.
They discovered that tortuous venules and wider arteriolar diameters were more common in people with type 2 diabetes than those without.
The results have stated: “The associations between venular tortuosity and cardiometabolic risk factors differed according to diabetes status (p interaction <0.01) for total fat mass index, HbA1c, C-reactive protein, white cell count and granulocyte count.”
Read the research study in full here.